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“You have Magnified Your Word above All Your Name,”

Ps. 138:2

The Old/New and Related Apostolic Church Doctrines were Based on Greek Mythology and masonry


Renette Vermeulen


  Read the ORIGINAL ARTICLE in the Main Domain    


irving.jpg  Carl George Klibbe.jpgscaploff.jpgHF Niemeyer.jpg

[Acknowledgement to the people who compiled and published these images]

Above, from left:  Old Apostolic Church Founders Edward Irving,  Carl Klibbe, Heinrich Niemeyer, George Sclaphoff 












Þ Apostles’ ‘became’ Jesus Himself, angels, christs, gods, and ‘mediating’ priests  



Þ The core of Irvingism dogma, (OAC, NAC, etcetera,) is found in Plato, Catholic Jesuit Lacunza, and masonic teachings

Þ Irving and his helpers used Greek philosophy, dark forces, and New Age visualization to ‘spiritualize’ the Bible 


Þ Apostle doctrine permeated the Christian churches   

Þ Niehaus called the Bible ‘withered hay and stagnant, stinking well water’ 

Þ Jesus has a fallen nature and was not raised bodily from the grave but ‘spiritually

Þ Only the ‘apostles’ can forgive sin so forgiveness is only through them

Þ Jesus, heaven, and hell reside in their ‘enlightened minds,’ so they ’became’ Jesus Himself 

Þ Jesus did not rise bodily from the dead, but spiritually in the ‘minds’ of the apostles 

Þ Jesus was ‘resurrected’ in Peter and in all their “spiritual minds” and lives

Þ Jesus has already descended or returned, not on physical clouds, but in the ‘spiritual minds’ (clouds) of the apostles 

Þ Holy communion, ‘sealing,’ and baptism saves them and these sacraments are administered to their departed 

Þ Apostles pray for their departed

Þ The souls of their departed dwell in ‘the body of christ,’ which is in their ‘enlightened minds



¨ The Israeli Timeline: the one-man antichrist, the 666, and the Rapture 



Glory to God for all those who helped me to understand the origins and teachings of the Apostle Movement, especially Mark, an ex-member of the Old Apostolic Church, who also sent me their catechism.  Among those who provided valuable input were members of the Old Apostolic Church that tried to convert me to their beliefs. 

This study is not criticism, but a letter of love.  It is addressed to all the followers of the Old, New, and other schisms of the Apostolic Church Movement — it’s close and far removed branches as well.  The proof of what I am saying is in this study.  All one need to do is to read the Scriptures in context and follow the links supplied to verify the truth.  Neither my motive, nor my exposure of false doctrine is an “attack” on anyone personally or on any church in particular.  Instead, it is obedience to God’s commission to bring truth to error, light to darkness, and salvation to lostness, (Eph. 5:11.) 


The Apostle Movement, consisting of the Old, New, and related churches, is supposedly a branch of Christianity outside Catholicism and Protestantism, called “Irvingism” after their main founding father, Edward Irving.  However, the entire church system stems from Roman Catholicism, which herded Jesus’ first believers, The Followers of The Way, into physical churches, ruled by man-made dogmas and clergies.  Every soul is precious to Jesus.  Consequently, He “desires all people [from the unbelieving world and every church denomination,] to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth [of Scripture,] (Rom. 12:1-3.)  There is [Only] One God and [Only] One [Eternal] Mediator [High Priest] between God and mankind, Christ Jesus, [The Most High God Himself, Who became the man Jesus,] to give Himself as atonement for all [who choose to sincerely believe in Him; accept Him, and follow Him as His disciples,]”  (1 Jn. 1:1-14; 8:12; 1 Tim. 2:5.)


jesus body.gifpagan.gif 

[Acknowledgement to the people who compiled and published these images]

Above, left:  Bible Truth is based on the fact that Jesus is the only “Head” of His body of true believers, who were redeemed with His blood atonement from every “tongue, tribe, and nation.”  They “are His body together and members in particular,” (Jn. 3:16; Eph. 1:7, 12-14; 1 Cor. 12:12-27.)  All Jesus’ true believers have only One God or “Head” over them all: Jesus Himself.  No human being can ever take that place.  So, genuine leaders in His Kingdom are all His servants on equal spiritual footing, who symbolically wash the body’s feet with God’s Truth from the bottom up, (1 Pt. 5:1-4.) 

This is Monotheism or the One (Inseparable) God of the Bible: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, (Col. 2:9-10.) 

Above, right:  This pagan image depicts the complete opposite of Jesus’ body of believers, which was incorporated into the Christian church and all her denominations or divisions — even those who supposedly despise her.  Many heads or ‘gods’ on a body symbolize polytheism; the worship of many gods that rule the body from the top.  So, this pagan image perfectly depicts Christianity with her innumerable clergies of so-called ruling ‘heads’ or ‘gods and christs,’ functioning as Roman Catholic church replicas.  Acts 7:44-50 plainly state that God does not, (nor will never again during His eternal New Testament Covenant,) “dwell in temples made with [human] hands.”  But defying God completely, the Christian Church changed the original Followers of The Way, (the real body of Christ,) into Christianized paganism, (Acts 11:26 KJV.) 



“The Catholic Apostolic Church was the forerunner of the Apostolic Movement.  It was founded in 1832 by Henry Drummond, Edward Irving and others…  Edward Irving taught that the church universal was divided into twelve [‘lost Israeli’] tribes…”  [Wikipedia.]  This is British/American/Afrikaner Israelism and merely other ‘chosen-elite’ deception, which is still followed by Calvinism, ‘The Twelve Apostle Church,’ etcetera.  In fact, the entire Christendom was derived from the pagan/Christianized doctrines, norms, and forms of the Roman Catholic Church, (Acts 11:26.)  Protestantism was manufactured from Catholicism; giving way to another massive Illuminati setup by masonic/Mary-worshipping Protestant leaders, (read Acts 7:44-50.)  Edward Irving’s Lost-Tribes-of-Israel fallacy eventually fathered the Holiness Movement, Christian Zionism, and Messianic Judaism. From there, their end-time Israeli Timeline doctrine, which centers on the ‘rapture,’ infiltrated churches worldwide.  The rapture dogma is another brilliant Illuminati feat.  It replaces the once-off, truly Scriptural return of Jesus on the physical clouds on That [One] Day when the seventh and last trumpet will sound, and His supernatural, spirit angels will assemble all true believers, the bride of Christ, from everywhere on earth to attend the one and only marriage feast in God’s Biblical heaven, (Mt. 24:27-31; 25:1-13; Acts 1:8-12; Rev. 11:15; 19:6-9!)


Edward Irving and Company also established the Old Apostolic Church in the 1800s. (Sources differ on the exact year.)  Wikipedia Encyclopedia describes it’s establishment as follows, “The Old [and New] Apostolic Church… [have their] historical roots in the Catholic Apostolic Church... [and is] called Irvingism, [named after Edward Irving,] who was greatly influenced by the Roman Catholic, masonic/Jesuit priest  Manuel Lacunza.”  This Jesuit was behind the creation of the entire “Israeli Timeline” deception, which most churches now teach. (More on this later on in this study.)  

“In South Africa, the Old Apostolic Church (OAC) was founded by Carl Klibbe in 1889… while the NAC (New Apostolic Church) followed George Schlaphoff when they split.  Apostolic Churches are exclusive and everyone believe they have the only road to salvation.”  This is also taught in Catholicism, Calvinism, and the other divisions or denominations of Christianity.  (Read the study on ‘Killer Cults’ to see where such elitism can end.) 

Today, some of the doctrines of the Old Apostolic Church and the New Apostolic Church are not in agreement but they, as all the other Apostle-based churches that identify with them, were engineered from the same origins.  Although these two sister-churches, (the OAC and NAC,) refer to each other as “fallen angels,” they are still steered by the same spirit and mostly governed by it’s core doctrines. 


One should not confuse the Apostolic Movement, (e.g., the Old and New Apostolic Churches, the Catholic Apostolic Church, United Apostolic Church, etcetera,) with the Pentecostal/Charismatic Movement such as the Apostolic Faith Mission, although these churches teach many of the Apostolic Movement’s main doctrines


God commanded us to flee from, and expose false prophets, teachers, ‘apostles,’ and their soul-devouring doctrines,  (Deut. 13:1-11; Eph. 5:11; 2 Jn. v. 9-11; Gal. 1:6-10; 3:1-2.)  This is not an option.  Obedience to God above all else is eternal spiritual life.  Zolani Makhosonke wrote the following about Ancestor Worship in the OAC, “Renette, thanks for the information on the OAC. As a former member of the OAC, I concur with everything written on the website. There is just one thing missing which is the rationale for the OAC calling people to leave other "Christian" churches [to become OAC members.] They say, “God is calling you to come and serve for the salvation of your soul together with the souls of your kin both dead and alive who never had the word. For Jesus did not die for the sins of the whole world but for those of his kin. When Jesus died he went to Hades to release his kin only. The kin of others cried out, "Lord, Lord, until when must we wait to be released". Jesus replied, "Wait, I will have mercy on you through bones of bones of your loins in the third and fourth generation a redeemer and Savior will be born for you".  I could not find any of this in the Bible.  Regards, Zolani Makhosonke. University of Cape Town.” 





The following came directly from the Roman Catholic/Protestant dogma of Theosis and infused the entire Christian church system.  Hence, it is vital to understand what the Scriptural Truth, (the Only Lamp unto our feet,) really teach about this. 

¨ The ‘Apostle’ clergy say they “became Jesus Himself” and “are equal to Him,” which makes them “gods.”  The other Christian churches echo this; some more subtly than othersThat is blasphemy, as the God of Bible Scripture unalterably declared in Isaiah 42:8, “I, Am The Lord, [Jesus is God, Lord, and Creator,] that is My Name, and My glory I will not give to another…”  Jesus shares His throne with absolutely no one — not even with real, supernatural angel spirits that worship Him constantly in His true abode: heaven in the eternal spirit world, (Revelation chapters 21-22.)  Hebrews 1:13, 8-12, (KJV,) speak plainly so everyone can understand what God the Father meant when He asked, “To which of the [real, supernatural] angels has He ever said, ‘Sit at My right hand...?’ But to [the risen human] Jesus, [God incarnated,] He said, ‘Your throne, O God, is forever and ever…  Thus [Jesus] God, Your God has anointed You…  [For] You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth and the heavens are the work of Your hands...” 

From the truth of Scripture, we can undoubtedly conclude that no ‘apostle’ or anyone else, not even the real, supernatural archangels, can compare to Jesus, “Lord, God, and Creator of the literal heavens and earth and everything in it.”  Just one test to prove the validity that these “apostles” and other “gods” teach: what have they ever created?    But according to apostolic logic, this ‘god’ (Theosis) deception goes like this, “How can we ourselves become the body of Christ but remain ordinary humans?  Of course we’re Jesus Christ!” And blasphemers such as Pentecostal/Charismatic Benny Hinn, Copeland, and Company echo these voices, “Yes, we are ‘the light;’  thus we are gods… We are Jesus!” 


¨ Clergies, ‘apostles’ in particular, allegedly also “became” “christs” or ‘saviors.’ Jesus warned in Matthew 24:5, 24, “Take heed that no one deceives you.  For many will come in My Name, saying, ‘I am the christ…”  Do not believe it.  For false christs and prophets will rise and show great [but false] signs and wonders to deceive… even the [really born again disciples] if [they allow them to.]” The True Christ of the Scriptures fulfilled all the Old Testament prophesies concerning Him.  He was born from a virgin; manifested a ministry of miracles; suffered and died on the cross,  and reconciled all true believers globally to God to establish His eternal New Testament Covenant with them all, (Heb. chapters 7-9; 8:13.)  He was literally risen in a glorified bodily, (1 Cor. 15:35-49; 4-11,) and was actually seen and physically inspected by His real apostles.  He bodily appeared to over 500 brethren at once, and Paul also saw Him during that time. Then, He ascended literally into heaven in the spirit world, from where He will return while “every eye physically sees Him and every tongue confesses that He is God,” to factually take His believing bride to heaven and destroy all unbelievers, disobedient believers, and the entire earth with fire, (2 Ths. 1:7-12; 2 Pt. 3:10-14.) 

Just one more test to prove the validity of “apostles” everywhere: which of these requirements of The True Christ and the miracles He did, did they or will they ever accomplish in their feeble, human lifetime? 


¨ ‘Apostles’ also teach they are Old Testament ‘mediating’ prophets and ‘restored’ ’apostles’ in the New Testament, and church members can only go ‘through them’ to God to attain salvation.  This ‘high priest mediation’ also adds to their ‘god’ status.  However, the entire New Testament declares that Christ Jesus’ eternal Mediating position between God and believers does not pertain to any human being such as a so-called ‘super-anointed prophet or ‘apostle,’ (Col. 2:9; 1 Tim. 2:4-6.)  So, “when the people decided to worship Paul and Barnabas as gods, they tore their clothes and cried, “Why are you doing this?  We also are men with the same nature as you…” (Acts 14:11-15.)  Neither Paul nor the other apostles ever proclaimed themselves ‘[chief] apostles,’ ‘high priests, mediators, gods, or christs!’  So, none of the genuine apostles of the New Testament Covenant placed themselves in a mediating position over the body of Christ.  They were humble servants and slaves to Christ Jesus and the Truth of His Word; just as all true believers are now. 

God declared in Hebrews 1:1-3, during the New Testament Covenant that Jesus established at the cross, He does not speak through so-called ‘mediators’ or give any ‘new revelations’ to add to the context of Scripture, (Heb. 8:13.)  Jesus Christ Himself is the last Prophet and final Apostle of God’s mediation and revelation to humanity.  Hence, everything we need to know can be found in the true context of Biblical Scripture.  Hebrews 3:1, “[Christ Jesus Himself is] the [only] Apostle and High Priest of our confession… [and He will never “become” a human ‘mediating apostle.’]” 

What’s more, 2 Corinthians 12:12 tells us exactly how to know genuine human apostles, “...The signs of an apostle were accomplished [past tense] among you… in signs, wonders, and mighty deeds..”  The mark of an apostle must be accompanied by God’s authentic, supernatural signs — which are debatable today as church leaders are all lacking in Scriptural authenticity.  Originally, “apostles” primarily planted new congregations of sincere believers, called “ecclesias.”  However, after the apostles, whom Jesus commissioned in the Gospels and the Book of Acts, it seems that real “apostles” do not exist.  This is so because, since the latter part of 1 A.D., the Christian Church converted the unadulterated gatherings of believers or ecclesias into a stagnant, manmade church system, (Acts 11:26.)


¨ ‘Apostles’ also allege they have also “become” spirit/human angels.  They apply all the Scriptural references to God’s supernatural angels to themselves.  For instance, when John fell down to worship a supernatural angel spirit, the angel said, “...I am your fellow servant,” and that allegedly proves these apostles ‘became’ angels.  In fact, the angel said he must not be worshiped, because he works from the spirit world with John “and... those who keep the words of this book.”  Then he added, “Worship [only the One and Only Lord Jesus Christ; Creator God of heaven and earth!]” (Heb. 1:7, 14; 2:6-9; Rev. 22:9.)  The context of Scripture proves it is simply impossible that any human can ‘become’ a ‘christ, god, or angel.’  Hebrews 2:5-9 and 1 Cor. 15:39-40 explain that humans and angels are two completely different species.  “[God] has [literally created or] made man a little lower than the angels [on His creation scale...]” Paul affirmed in 1 Corinthians 15:39-40, “All flesh are not the same flesh.  There is one kind of [literal] men, another of [physical] animals, and there are also [spiritual] celestial bodies...”  The terrible sin of the mingling of spirits and humans as described in Genesis Chapter 6, is condemned as follows in Jude verse 6-8, “The angels who did not keep their proper domain... [these are not ‘fallen apostles’ but supernatural spirits,] God has reserved in everlasting chains... [as they literally] went after strange flesh [by ‘marrying’ humans...]”  So, if these ‘apostles’ really could “become spirits and angels,” why are they still breathing, eating, and doing what ordinary humans do?  (Mt. 22:30.)